THE US Masters is upon us and promises to be just as intriguing as when it was first played at Augusta National in 1934.
For many golf fans, the annual golf calendar doesn’t start until Masters week in April.
So, what is it about the Masters that intrigues the millions of golf fans around the world?
Is it the history, the pristine fairways that look as if they have been painted, the azaleas and majestic pines, the unpredictability or the secretive gentlemen-only membership?
Inside Golf has delved into the archives and come up with a comprehensive list of things you may or may not know about the Masters and its home – Augusta National.
The first Masters Invitation was played with the nines in reverse. A year later the format was switched because of frost delay.
Horton Smith won the inaugural event with a 284 total – four-under par.
Bobby Jones, the club and tournament co-founder, makes his first appearance.
Ross Somerville records the first hole-in-one at the 16th.
Gene Sarazen holes a 4-wood from 235 yards for an albatross 2 on the par-5 15th hole in the final round. Since then it’s been known as “The shot heard around the world”.
Augusta National members first wear the green jacket so patrons could identify a reliable source of information.
The tournament is officially named The Masters.
Lloyd Mangrum scores course a course record 64 in opening round – a record which stands for 46 years.
Craig Wood becomes the first wire-to-wire winner.
Byron Nelson defeats Ben Hogan in the first Masters playoff.
The Masters is not played due to World War II.
Jimmy Demaret becomes first golfer to break par in all four rounds.
Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes a member at Augusta – four years before being elected president of the US.
Winner Sam Snead is the first player to be awarded with a green jacket.
Jimmy Demaret becomes the first three-time Masters champion.
Ben Hogan starts the champions’ dinner.
The first bridge at Augusta National named in honour of a player is dedicated to Gene Sarazen. The Sarazen Bridge crossed the hazard in front of the green on the 15th hole.
Television coverage starts.
For the first time, a 36-hole cut is introduced.
“Amen Corner” – holes 11-13 – christened by writer Herbert Warren Wind.
Ben Hogan and Byron Nelson have bridges named after them. The Hogan Bridge crosses Rae’s Creek, which takes golfers to the 12 green and the Nelson Bridge crosses Rae’s Creek taking golfers to the 13 tee.
Arthur (Art) Wall becomes the first champion to win with a birdie on the final hole.
South African Gary Player becomes the first non-American champion.
Arnold Palmer becomes the first four-time winner.
Butler Cabin begins serving as television studio.
Gene Sarazen receives a harsh reprimand from Augusta co-founder Clifford Roberts for wearing his green jacket on a televised golf show.
Jack Nicklaus becomes the first back-to-back champion.
Television announcer Jack Whitaker is banned for referring to the patrons in the 1966 playoff as a “mob”.
Bob Goalby wins when Roberto De Vicenzo signs an incorrect scorecard showing a 4 on the 17th instead of a birdie 3 to miss a playoff.
Bobby Jones dies aged 69.
Lee Elder becomes first African-American to play in the tournament.
Clifford Roberts, Augusta National’s co-founder, is found dead on the course from a self-inflicted gunshot wound.
Colourful character Fuzzy Zoeller wins the first sudden-death playoff.
Seve Ballesteros becomes first European champion.
Craig Stadler defeats Dan Pohl in the tournament’s first one-hole playoff.
For the first time, players are given the option of using their own caddies.
Jack Nicklaus win his record sixth Masters at age 46.
Greg Norman and Nick Price both shoot tournament-record 63
Larry Mize chips-in to beat Greg Norman in a sudden-death playoff.
Ron Townsend becomes first African-American member admitted to the club.
Mark Calcavecchia scores a record 29 on the back nine in the fourth round.
Gary McCord is booted off TV coverage for saying the greens were so slick they looked as if they’d been “bikini waxed”.
Ben Crenshaw wins his second Masters.
Greg Norman blows a six-shot 54-hole lead to hand Nick Flado the title.
Tiger Woods becomes first African-American winner
Mark O’Meara, at 41, becomes the oldest first-time winner.
The Big Fijian Vijay Singh wins the green jacket.
Toshi Izawa shoots 281 – the lowest score by a first-time contestant.
Mike Weir becomes the first left-hander and first Canadian to win the Masters.
Arnold Palmer plays in 50th consecutive and final Masters.
The golf course is lengthened to 7445 yards (6808m) – 502m longer than it was in 2001.
American Zach Johnson ties the highest winning score of 289 – one-over – with Sam Snead (1954) and Jack Burke (1956).
Trevor Immelman becomes the second South African to win the Masters – 47 years after Gary Player won his first green jacket.
Argentinean Angel Cabrera captures the title.
Leftie Phil Mickelson wins his third green jacket in a seven-year stretch.